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Origin of universe: Creation and scientific theories

The Earth and Moon are just a tiny part of our own galaxy, let alone the wider universe. (Pixabay)
The Earth and Moon are just a tiny part of our own galaxy, let alone the wider universe. (Pixabay)

A place where I can go
To take this off my shoulders
Someone take me home

This is a song by Bebe Rexha, Machine Gun Kelly, and X Ambassadors.

For us as humans to understand Earth (home) we must understand how it was formed. Science and religion have differing perspectives on the origins of the universe. Due to this we will look at both the Christian theory and scientific theory.

The Christian theory

Christians believe that God created the universe. At the start of the Bible’s book of Genesis, there are two accounts of how God created the world. Some Christians view Genesis 1 and 2 as two completely distinct tales with a shared meaning. Others consider the two chapters to be a single, ongoing narrative.

God began creation on the first day. On the second day, light was created. On the third day, the sky was created. On the fourth day, dry land, seas, plants, and trees were created. On the fifth day, the Sun, Moon, and stars were created. On the sixth day, creatures that live in the sea and creatures that fly were created. On the seventh day, God completed his work of creation and resurrected the universe.

God initiated and oversaw the creation of the universe

Some people believe that the account in Genesis 2 continues to provide more information concerning the creation of humans, seen as two distinct people, Adam and Eve. When God gave Adam life, he was created from “the dust of the ground.” To help and companion Adam, Eve was made from one of his ribs. They were residents of the Garden of Eden, a unique location. They were each given the duty and obligation to take care of the space that God had made for them. Many Christians do not think that this account is entirely true. They contend that God initiated and oversaw the creation of the universe and is therefore accountable for it.

They can draw lessons from the accounts about the significance of humanity and our obligations to the rest of creation. Most Christians would agree that Genesis 1 and 2’s main message—whether viewed as one or two stories—is that God created everything and that everything is wonderful. The pinnacle of creation, as created by God, is humanity. Fundamentalist Christians hold that since the Bible is directly from God, it must contain only the truth. Everything that goes against the Bible is false.

The Scientific theory

Most individuals in the olden days believed that their religion’s account of how the cosmos came to be was true. But when the world’s interest in science grew in the 18th and 19th centuries, religion wasn’t always able to explain new discoveries. The Big Bang theory was put up as a potential scientific explanation for the origin of the universe in the 1920s. Alexander Friedman, a Russian mathematician, made the initial suggestion in 1922, and Georges-Henri Lemaitre developed it in 1927. He was a Roman Catholic priest and a Belgian physicist. This theory has been developed and supported by in-depth observations and measurements conducted by scientists like Edwin Hubble.

Fast expansion of the universe created stars, galaxies, and planets

Simply put, all the universe’s matter and energy were at a point of infinite density and temperature roughly 14 billion years ago. Following a fast expansion, stars, galaxies, and planets finally came into existence. Time began with this growth, which is still happening now. The redshift of light from distant galaxies and the existence of cosmic background radiation point to the expansion of space, which is consistent with The Big Bang theory.

Even though not all scientists accept The Big Bang theory, much of their disagreements centre on the specifics of the process rather than the fundamental idea that it occurred. Various theories exist regarding how life came to be on Earth.

Scientists can test these, but because it occurred so long ago, they are unsure whether the theory is accurate.

READ: Where did the Earth come from?

About Kelvin Mugambi

Kelvin Karani is a computer science student at Strathmore University in Nairobi. In his spare time, he studies and writes about the Earth, atmosphere, and outer space. His hobbies include cooking, exercise, motoring, and sports.

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