As at 2012, 62 per cent of the Kenyan population enjoyed access to improved water sources. While 82 per cent of people in urban areas have access to improved water sources, including nearly 60 per cent who have piped water on the premises, only 55 per cent of people in rural areas have access to improved water sources.
Water quality standards in Kenya follow the guidelines provided by the World Health Organization. The Water Services Regulatory Board monitors and reports on the chlorine level and bacteriological quality of water provided by water service providers as part of its performance evaluation. Ministry of Health also has responsibilities regarding water quality and carries out water quality surveillance in a number of districts.