Over 900,000 families dispose their human waste in bushes and open spaces. Economic Survey for 2020 shows that about 7.4 per cent of households lack toilet. This is means that about 3.5 million people no toilet.
WHO/Unicef Joint Monitoring Programme 2017 report found that only 28 per cent of rural Kenyans had improved sanitation. In urban areas it was 32 per cent.
These UN health and children agencies say there is improved sanitation if human excreta is hygienically separated from human contact.
Poor domestic and personal hygiene practices help the spread of disease-causing germs.
This occurs directly by the faecal-oral route or by person to person or pet to person contact.
Also, indirectly if vectors come into contact with people or their food. In addition, a person could breathe in airborne droplets of moisture which contain germs or eat contaminated food.